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The ORCID integration was originally developed by 4Science in DSpace-CRIS, it . It is the result of years of collaboration with several institutions and the ORCID team that has helped to correct, improve and broaden the scope of the integration. We want to thank the University of Hong Kong that was the first institution to fund development activities on in this regards regard back in 2015 and the TUHH Hamburg University of Technology that have funded the initial porting of the ORCID integration to the new Angular/REST architecture introduced in DSpace 7. Last but not least, funds have been received by the DSpace community to port this feature from DSpace-CRIS to DSpace.


DSpace provides a bidirectional integration with ORCID based on the ORCID API v3.0. Both the Public ORCID API than and the Membership API are supported.

The table below summarize summarizes the supported features according to the type of ORCID API configured.

FeatureNo credentials*Public APIMember API
 (tick) (tick)
Connect local profile to ORCID (authenticated ID)
 (tick) (tick)
ORCID Registry Lookup - import Person records(tick) (tick) (tick)
ORCID Registry Lookup - as authority(tick) (tick) (tick)
Import publication from ORCID(tick) (tick) (tick)
Push biographic data to ORCID

Push publications to ORCID (works)

Push projects to ORCID (fundings)


* No credentials: please note that ORCID strongly recommend recommends to apply at least for a free public free API Key as this will help to trouble-shooting shoot integration problem problems and get support from themORCID. There is also a chance to get better performance/priority over "unknown" client.

User features

Login via ORCID

Once enabled, an option to login via ORCID is provided to the user among the other authentication method methods configured in the system. The ORCID authentication doesn't allow the user to reset his password from DSpace.


The researcher can connect (or disconnect) their DSpace local Researcher Profile with ORCID from the Person item detail page.

Once that a profile has been connected they can manage their synchronization preferences deciding what need to should be pushed to ORCID, including:

  • biographic data
  • Publication (entities) linked with their Researcher Profile. (Publication entities are synced to Works in ORCID.)
  • Project (entities) linked with their Researcher Profile. (Project entities are synced to Fundings in ORCID.)

NOTE: The ORCID synchronization feature is disabled by default, even when ORCID Authentication is enabled. See Configuration section below for how to enable it.


The synchronization can happen automatically over the night or manually. The list of information that need to should be pushed or updated from DSpace to ORCID is presented in a queue and can be manually discarded or immediately pushed by the researcher.

Import publications from ORCID

It is possible to import a publication from ORCID using the "Import from external sources" button in the home page. Once you select the Publication entity type you will be able to find ORCID as a Source and you can get the list of publications (ORCID works) that appear in an ORCID profile by searching for its ORCID iD.



Enable the integration


To enable the main integration (i.e. connect a local profile with ORCID and push data to the ORCID registry) you need to be an ORCID Member, get a Member API Key and proper properly enable and configure the feature in DSpace.  To test ORCID integration, it's possible to use the ORCID Sandbox (without being an ORCID member). However, to do so, you must request a Sandbox Member API Key.

In the ORCID API Credentials request form you will be asked to enter one or more redirect URLs for you application (DSpace), you . You will need to enter here the root URL URLs of your REST and Angular interfaces that , which could eventually be different, otherwise . Otherwise it will be sufficient to put enter the URL of your angular Angular UI. For example, for the DSpace 7 official demo these are:

Once ORCID has reviewed and approved your request, you will get from them the Client ID and Client Secret that need to be set in the local.cfg  among other properties (see above See the configuration examples )above.

Please note that by default DSpace will request permissions to READ and WRITE all the information from the ORCID profile, as this will enable support for all of the features. You can eventually fine-tuning tune that by overriding the following properties. Please note that if you are going to configure Public API Credential Credentials you MUST update this configuration keeping only the /authenticate  scope as all the other scopes require Member API.

Code Block
# The scopes to be granted by the user during the login on ORCID (see
orcid.scope = /authenticate
# The below scopes are ONLY valid if you have a Member API Key. They should be commented out if you only have a Public API Key
orcid.scope = /read-limited
orcid.scope = /activities/update
orcid.scope = /person/update

To enable the ORCID Authentication you need to uncomment the following line in the modules/authentication.cfg  file or adding add it to your local.cfg 

Code Block = org.dspace.authenticate.OrcidAuthentication

Please note that you are NOT required to enable the ORCID Authentication to use the other ORCID features, including the synchronisation ones. It is also possible to use just the ORCID Authentication without enabling all the other features.

When an a user logged-loggs in via ORCID the system will attempt to reuse an existing account looking up by email, if . If none is found then a new account is created in DSpace. It is even possible to disable the creation of new accounts settings by setting the following property:

Code Block
authentication-orcid.can-self-register = false


To enable ORCID Synchronization, you need to uncomment the following or add it to your local.cgcfg

Code Block
# the properties below are required only for the sync / linking part (not for authentication or import)
orcid.synchronization-enabled = true
# you need to enable the orcidqueue consumer to keep track of what need to be sync between DSpace and ORCID
event.dispatcher.default.consumers = versioning, discovery, eperson, orcidqueue

The push of DSpace data (Person, Publication, Project) to ORCID is based on mappings defined in the config/modules/orcid.cfg  file, more . You will find details below in the dedicated paragraphs.


Please note that many fields on the ORCID side are subject to validation, i.e. only values from controlled-list can be used and some fields are mandatory. The table below summarize summarizes the validation validations that are defined at the time of DSpace 7.3, . ORCID update updates such rules periodically, usually modifying (enlarging) the controlled-list, change and changes to the mandatory fields can also happen.

ORCID EntityCorresponding DSpace EntityMandatory fieldsControlled fields

Country (iso-3166 2 code letter)




Publication Date (>= 1900)

External Identifier (at least one)

Type (

Identifier.Type (



External Identifier (at least one)

Funding Agency (Organisation)

Currency if an Amount is provided

Amount.Currency (

External Identifier (at least one)





Country (iso-3166 2 code letter)

Identifier.Type (ROR, LEI, CrossRef Funder ID, RINGOLD, GRID)


To provide more meaningful message messages to the user DSpace implements a local validation before to try trying to push the record to ORCID. This validation verify verifies the data using the rules above so that a specific message is displaied displayed to the user. If for any reason another errors error is returned by ORCID a generic message is show shown to the user and the exact technical message received by ORCID is logged in the dspace.log  file and stored in the orcidhistory  table.

The local validation can be eventually turned - off, this . This validation is mainly intended as a development/debug option and should be not enabled in production.

Code Block = true
orcid.validation.funding.enabled = true


Metadata in a DSpace "Person" item, once that the item has been linked to ORCID by the researcher owning the ORCID profile, can be pushed to ORCID to fill specific the Profile Section of the ORCID Person using the org.dspace.orcid.service.OrcidProfileSectionFactoryService   configured configured via this mapping bean:

Code Block
    <!-- Configuration of ORCID profile sections factory. 
    Each entry of sectionFactories must be an implementation of OrcidProfileSectionFactory.-->
    <bean class="org.dspace.orcid.service.impl.OrcidProfileSectionFactoryServiceImpl">
    	<constructor-arg name="sectionFactories">
    			<bean class="org.dspace.orcid.model.factory.impl.OrcidSimpleValueObjectFactory">
					<constructor-arg name="sectionType" value="OTHER_NAMES" />
					<constructor-arg name="preference" value="BIOGRAPHICAL" />
					<property name="metadataFields" value="${orcid.mapping.other-names}" />
    			<bean class="org.dspace.orcid.model.factory.impl.OrcidSimpleValueObjectFactory">
					<constructor-arg name="sectionType" value="KEYWORDS" />
					<constructor-arg name="preference" value="BIOGRAPHICAL" />
					<property name="metadataFields" value="${orcid.mapping.keywords}" />
    			<bean class="org.dspace.orcid.model.factory.impl.OrcidSimpleValueObjectFactory">
					<constructor-arg name="sectionType" value="COUNTRY" />
					<constructor-arg name="preference" value="BIOGRAPHICAL" />
					<property name="metadataFields" value="${}" />
    			<bean class="org.dspace.orcid.model.factory.impl.OrcidPersonExternalIdentifierFactory">
					<constructor-arg name="sectionType" value="EXTERNAL_IDS" />
					<constructor-arg name="preference" value="IDENTIFIERS" />
					<property name="externalIds" value="${orcid.mapping.person-external-ids}" />
    			<bean class="org.dspace.orcid.model.factory.impl.OrcidSimpleValueObjectFactory">
					<constructor-arg name="sectionType" value="RESEARCHER_URLS" />
					<constructor-arg name="preference" value="IDENTIFIERS" />
					<property name="metadataFields" value="${orcid.mapping.researcher-urls}" />

the The above configuration link links each piece of information that can be synchronized from DSpace to ORCID to with a preference that the user can manage on the DSpace side (i.e. sync of the keywords is linked to the BIOGRAPHICAL preference) and define defines which DSpace metadata will be used to fill the ORCID field. The bean reads the metadata mapping from the config/modules/orcid.cfg 

Code Block
### Other names mapping ###
orcid.mapping.other-names =
orcid.mapping.other-names =

### Keywords mapping ###
orcid.mapping.keywords = dc.subject

### Country mapping ### = =

### Person External ids mapping ###
##orcid.mapping.person-external-ids syntax is <metadatafield>::<type>
orcid.mapping.person-external-ids = person.identifier.scopus-author-id::SCOPUS
orcid.mapping.person-external-ids = person.identifier.rid::RID

### Researcher urls mapping ###
orcid.mapping.researcher-urls = dc.identifier.uri


A DSpace "Publication" item is pushed to ORCID as a "Work" using the org.dspace.orcid.model.factory.impl.OrcidWorkFactory  configured via this mapping bean:

Code Block
	<bean id="orcidWorkFactoryFieldMapping" class="" >
		<property name="contributorFields" value="${}" />
		<property name="externalIdentifierFields" value="${}" />
		<property name="publicationDateField" value="${}" />
		<property name="titleField" value="${}" />
		<property name="journalTitleField" value="${}" />
		<property name="shortDescriptionField" value="${}" />
		<property name="subTitleField" value="${}" />
		<property name="languageField" value="${}" />
		<property name="languageConverter" ref="${}" />
		<property name="typeField" value="${}" />
		<property name="typeConverter" ref="${}" />
		<property name="citationType" value="${}" />

that respectively read reads the mapping from the config/modules/orcid.cfg  file:

Code Block
### Work (Publication) mapping ### = dc.title = = dc.description.abstract = = dc.language.iso = mapConverterDSpaceToOrcidLanguageCode = dc.relation.ispartof = dc.type = mapConverterDSpaceToOrcidPublicationType syntax is <metadatafield>::<role> = = dc.contributor.editor::editor syntax is <metadatafield>::<type> or $simple-handle::<type>
##The full list of available external identifiers is available here = dc.identifier.doi::doi = dc.identifier.scopus::eid = dc.identifier.pmid::pmid = $simple-handle::handle = dc.identifier.isi::wosuid = dc.identifier.issn::issn

in In the above configuration the "simple" properties are mapped matching the ORCID field name on the left (i.e. short-description) with the DSpace metadata that holds such information (i.e dc.description.abstract). For the ORCID Type field a special "converter" is configured so that the value of the DSpace metadata (i.e. dc.type) is mapped to the controlled-list of types accepted by ORCID ( The value of the  matches the name of a bean defined in the config/spring/api/orcid-services.xml  


Finally a special treatment is needed for the external ids as this is a complex field on the ORCID side composed by of two value, values: the identifier type (from a controlled-list) and the identifier value. In this case the configuration allow to map maps a DSpace metadata field (i.e. dc.identifier.doi) to a specific identifier type (i.e. the part after :: , doi).


A DSpace "Project" item is pushed to ORCID as a "Funding" using the org.dspace.orcid.model.factory.impl.OrcidFundingFactory configured configured via this mapping bean:

Code Block
	<bean id="orcidFundingFactoryFieldMapping" class="org.dspace.orcid.model.OrcidFundingFieldMapping" >
		<property name="contributorFields" value="${orcid.mapping.funding.contributors}" />
		<property name="externalIdentifierFields" value="${orcid.mapping.funding.external-ids}" />
		<property name="titleField" value="${orcid.mapping.funding.title}" />
		<property name="typeField" value="${orcid.mapping.funding.type}" />
		<property name="typeConverter" ref="${orcid.mapping.funding.type.converter}" />
		<property name="amountField" value="${orcid.mapping.funding.amount}" />
		<property name="amountCurrencyField" value="${orcid.mapping.funding.amount.currency}" />
		<property name="amountCurrencyConverter" ref="${orcid.mapping.funding.amount.currency.converter}" />
		<property name="descriptionField" value="${orcid.mapping.funding.description}" />
		<property name="startDateField" value="${orcid.mapping.funding.start-date}" />
		<property name="endDateField" value="${orcid.mapping.funding.end-date}" />
		<property name="organizationRelationshipType" value="${orcid.mapping.funding.organization-relationship-type}" />

that respectively read reads the mapping from the config/modules/orcid.cfg  file


in the above configuration the "simple" properties are mapped matching the ORCID field name on the left (i.e. description) with the DSpace metadata metadatafield that holds such information (i.e dc.description). For the ORCID Type field a special "converter" is configured so that the value of the DSpace metadata (i.e. dc.type) is mapped to the controlled-list of types accepted by ORCID ( The value of the orcid.mapping.funding.type.converter  matches the name of a bean defined in the config/spring/api/orcid-services.xml  the The same apply for the currency orcid.mapping.funding.amount.currency.converter = mapConverterDSpaceToOrcidAmountCurrency 


Finally a special treatment is needed for Funder that is a mandatory field on the ORCID side, in . In this case the mapping allow to define defines which relation is used to link the Project with the Funder (OrgUnit)


The following bean is used to configure the import of person records from ORCID, it . It is activated as an external source in config/spring/api/external-services.xml 


the mapping between ORCID Person and the DSpace Person Item is the following, currently hard-coded:

ORCID Profile URLdc.identifier.uri

the The following bean is instead used to configure the import of publication records from ORCID (Work)

Code Block
    <bean id="orcidPublicationDataProvider" class="org.dspace.external.provider.impl.OrcidPublicationDataProvider">
        <property name="sourceIdentifier" value="orcidWorks"/>
        <property name="fieldMapping" ref="orcidPublicationDataProviderFieldMapping"/>
        <property name="supportedEntityTypes">

the The mapping of the ORCID Work metadata to the DSpace metadata is performed by the following beans bean in config/spring/api/orcid-services.xml 

Code Block
	<bean id="orcidPublicationDataProviderFieldMapping" class="org.dspace.orcid.model.OrcidWorkFieldMapping" >
		<property name="contributorFields" value="${orcid.external-data.mapping.publication.contributors}" />
		<property name="externalIdentifierFields" value="${orcid.external-data.mapping.publication.external-ids}" />
		<property name="publicationDateField" value="${orcid.external-data.mapping.publication.issued-date}" />
		<property name="titleField" value="${orcid.external-data.mapping.publication.title}" />
		<property name="journalTitleField" value="${}" />
		<property name="shortDescriptionField" value="${orcid.external-data.mapping.publication.description}" />
		<property name="languageField" value="${orcid.external-data.mapping.publication.language}" />
		<property name="languageConverter" ref="${orcid.external-data.mapping.publication.language.converter}" />
		<property name="typeField" value="${orcid.external-data.mapping.publication.type}" />
		<property name="typeConverter" ref="${orcid.external-data.mapping.publication.type.converter}" />

that respectively read reads the mapping from the config/modules/orcid.cfg  file.

Please note that such mapping is separated from the mapping used to push information from DSpace to ORCID but usually, as provided in the default configuration, the mapping should be the same.

Code Block
### Work (Publication) external-data.mapping ###
orcid.external-data.mapping.publication.title = dc.title

orcid.external-data.mapping.publication.description = dc.description.abstract
orcid.external-data.mapping.publication.issued-date =
orcid.external-data.mapping.publication.language = dc.language.iso
orcid.external-data.mapping.publication.language.converter = mapConverterOrcidToDSpaceLanguageCode = dc.relation.ispartof
orcid.external-data.mapping.publication.type = dc.type
orcid.external-data.mapping.publication.type.converter = mapConverterOrcidToDSpacePublicationType

##orcid.external-data.mapping.publication.contributors syntax is <metadatafield>::<role>
orcid.external-data.mapping.publication.contributors =
orcid.external-data.mapping.publication.contributors = dc.contributor.editor::editor

##orcid.external-data.mapping.publication.external-ids syntax is <metadatafield>::<type> or $simple-handle::<type>
##The full list of available external identifiers is available here
orcid.external-data.mapping.publication.external-ids = dc.identifier.doi::doi
orcid.external-data.mapping.publication.external-ids = dc.identifier.scopus::eid
orcid.external-data.mapping.publication.external-ids = dc.identifier.pmid::pmid
orcid.external-data.mapping.publication.external-ids = dc.identifier.isi::wosuid
orcid.external-data.mapping.publication.external-ids = dc.identifier.issn::issn


  • via an ORCID lookup authority available for a DSpace repository that are is not using Configurable Entities
  • via a relation among the research output item (Publication, etc.) and a Person Item bind bound to the ORCID Person External Source defined in the previous paragraph


The troubleshooting guide from ORCID can help as well

I'm having trouble testing the ORCID integration


. What should I check?

Please double check the documentation and the other FAQ FAQs to be sure to that you have followed all of the instructions to enable the integration correctly. If you still have trouble reach , contact the DSpace tech community via email or slack trying to provide providing as much details detail as possible. If the issue is related to the synchronization of DSpace local data with ORCID it would be useful to share information about the content of your orcidhistory  table and any relevant message that you could have in the dspace.log  file.

I cannot find the ORCID features described


by this page in my installation

The ORCID features must be enabled by changing some configuration file, please files. Please refer to the Enable the integration section above.

I'm unable to authenticate via ORCID

If you have correctly enabled correctly the ORCID authentication feature and you are able to start the OAuth flow with ORCID but get a failure when you are redirected back to DSpace, it could be due to privacy settings on your ORCID record. The DSpace ORCID authentication requires that you release an email address to match your ORCID account with a DSpace account or to create a new one at your first login. Make your your ORCID account email address public or visible to trusted partyparties. This is often not the case for a freshly created account on ORCID.


Code Block
2022-08-04 11:43:42,124 ERROR unknown unknown org.dspace.authenticate.OrcidAuthenticationBean @ An error occurs registering a new EPerson from ORCID
java.lang.IllegalStateException: The email is configured private on orcid

I'm having trouble


creating test accounts on ORCID to experiment with the features

Please refer to the ORCID trouble-shooting guide a A frequent mistake working with the ORCID sandbox environment is to forget that only email address addresses are allowed for account created on the sandbox. Remember to validate your email address once the account as been created visiting the online inbox at


When you use public ORCID API credentials you can only use a subset of the integration features (check) moreover . Moreover you need to limit the scopes (permissions) requested to the user via the ORCID authentication to the /authenticate  scope. Please check the Enable the integration section above.

I don't find my publications looking up for my ORCID iD

Please check "config/modules/orcid.cfg" (or your local.cfg) to see if the system has been properly configured to use the production ORCID API, there . There is a chance that your installation is still configured to use the ORCID Sandbox that is appropriate for the testing and development phase of the integration. The ORCID sandbox doesn't contain the same data than as the publication Public environment.

I cannot push all my publications, only few or none of them are listed in the queue

Please double check that the orcidqueue consumer has been enabled (in dspace.cfg or local.cfg) and that the orcid settings of your profile has have the "All publications" checkbox flagged. ORCID features require the use of the new Configurable Entities. Only Publication item are synchronized with ORCID, ; simple "untyped" Items will not be synchronized. Please consider to convert your legacy collection to "Publication" collection and set a dspace.entity.type = Publication  metadata on your legacy items.

Push of publications to ORCID fails

This is usually due to validation errors. ORCID could complain about missing mandatory fields or invalid values for field fields that are linked to a controlled-list. Please check the table in the Configure the push of information from DSpace to ORCID and the Mapping of DSpace Publication items to ORCID Works paragraph to solve this.  Your dspace.log file may also provide useful error messages.


This is usually due to validation errors. Make sure that all required metadata fields exist on the Project Entity and any linked OrgUnit Entities. ORCID could complain about missing mandatory fields or invalid values for field fields that are linked to a controlled-list. Please check the table in the Configure the push of information from DSpace to ORCID and the Mapping of DSpace Project items to ORCID Funding paragraph to solve this. Your dspace.log file may also provide useful error messages.