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This documentation relates to an old version of DSpace, version 5.x. Looking for another version? See all documentation.

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Google Scholar, in crawling sites, prefers Highwire Press tags.  This schema contains names which are all prefixed by the string "citation_", and provide various metadata about the article/item being indexed.  

As of DSpace 1.7, there is a mapping facility to connect metadata fields with these citation fields in HTML.  In order to enable this functionality, the switch needs to be flipped in dspace.cfg:

 google-metadata.enable = true

Once the feature is enabled, the mapping is configured by a separate configuration file located here:


Please, note that the file location changed between DSpace 1.7 and 1.8. It's now in the "crosswalks" directory, so check that the google-metadata.config configuration property points to the right file:

google-metadata.config = ${dspace.dir}/config/crosswalks/


This file contains name/value pairs linking meta-tags with DSpace metadata fields.  E.g…

 google.citation_title = dc.title
 google.citation_publisher = dc.publisher
 google.citation_author = | | dc.creator


There is further documentation in this configuration file explaining proper syntax in specifying which metadata fields to use.  If a value is omitted for a meta-tag field, the meta-tag is simply not included in the HTML output.

The values for each item are interpolated when the item is viewed, and the appropriate meta-tags are included in the HTML head tag, on both the Brief Item Display and the Full Item Display.  This is implemented in the XMLUI and JSPUI.

Note: In DSpace 5, the field google.citation_authors was changed to google.citation_author.


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