Tesseract is an Optical Character Recognition program that Islandora uses to extract text from images to files that can then be appended to an object as datastreams. It supports HOCR standards, and when invoked, Islandora will use it to create both HOCR and raw OCR output. Tesseract supports multiple languages, the installation of which are recognized by the Islandora OCR (Copy) module. Tesseract is recognized as one of the most accurate open source OCR engines available, Tesseract will read binary, grey, or colour images and output text. A TIFF reader that will read uncompressed TIFF images is also included.
For Linux installations: While it is likely that your distribution's package manager may contain Tesseract in one of its repositories, it is EXTREMELY unlikely that it will be the correct version. For the Islandora OCR module to create OCR derivatives, Tesseract 3.02.02 or higher is required. At the time of writing, this is the latest stable version. THIS MEANS THAT IT IS LIKELY THAT YOU WILL HAVE TO COMPILE IT FROM SOURCE.
Tesseract an OCR engine that was developed at HP Labs between 1985 and 1995 - it is currently managed by a team at Google; the latest stable release can be found on GitHub, https://github.com/tesseract-ocr/tesseract/releases. A binary installer exists for Windows, and specific instructions for installing on a Mac through MacPorts can be found in the Tesseract readme here: https://github.com/tesseract-ocr/tesseract/wiki. For Linux users, or any others compiling it from source, you will need to make sure that you also have the Leptonica library installed, and that you have appropriate source building tools.
Tesseract requires little configuration out of the box; that being said, Islandora supports the installation of multiple languages for OCR processing, and may even require English language support. These additional languages can be found here.
To install additional languages into Islandora, you will need to know the path to your Tesseract installation's 'tessdata' folder. On Windows, this will tend to be C:\Program Files (x86)\Tesseract OCR\tessdata, if you've used the Tesseract website's own installation case. On Mac, any language can be installed with MacPorts by sudo port install tesseract-<langcode>. List of available langcodes can be found on MacPorts tesseract page. On Linux, the path will vary from distribution to distribution, but will often be /usr/local/share/tessdata or /usr/share/tessdata. Once you have found the correct folder,
Your new language should now be available to perform OCR on Paged Content.